Health Topics from "F" to "G"

F

  • Fainting - Sudden, temporary loss of consciousness due to insufficient oxygen reaching the brain.
  • Fever - What to do when your temperature rises.
  • Fibroid tumors of the uterus - Abnormal growth of cells in the muscular wall (myometrium) of the uterus.
  • Fibrosis, interstitial pulmonary - is characterized by the replacement of normal lung tissue with fibrous tissue.
  • Fibrositis - inflammation or pain in the muscles, muscle sheaths and connective-tissue layers of tendons, muscles, bones and joints.
  • Filariasis - is a disease that is caused by infection with a parasitic worm (filarial nematodes).
  • Food Poisoning - a term commonly used to describe illnesses suspected of being caused by food eaten within the previous 48 hours.
  • Failure to thrive - A child's abnormally low growth in height and weight during infancy and childhood. Physical problems or poor feeding may be responsible.
  • Fecal impaction - The trapping and buildup of stool in the colon or rectum.
  • Fibrocystic Breasts - Noncancerous breast conditions, such as tenderness (mastalgia), lactating adenomas, lactational mastitis, nipple discharge, nonproliferative lesions (cysts, apocrine change, calcifications, fibroadenomas and hyperplasia), subareolar abscess and more.
  • Folliculitis - Infection of hair follicles that occurs on the skin or scalp and resembles acne pimples or crusty sores. Itchiness and soreness are also common.
  • Frostbite - Damage to the skin from exposure to extremely cold temperatures, usually below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius).

G

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease - is the backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus.
  • Gastrointestinal Bleeding - is bleeding within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder - This disorder is characterized by chronic, excessive worry and fear about many aspects of life, including competence at work or school, finances, house repairs, etc.
  • Gingivitis - inflammation or infection of the gums.
  • Glaucoma, acute angle-closure - a condition of the eye in which the fluid that normally drains into and out of the eye is suddenly obstructed.
  • Glaucoma, chronic - is an eye disease characterized by increased pressure within the eye.
  • Glomerulosclerosis - refers to transparent deposits or scarring that occurs as a result of damage within the kidney's glomeruli.
  • Gonorrhea - an infectious disease of the reproductive organs that is sexually transmitted (venereal disease).
  • Gout - Recurrent attacks of joint inflammation caused by deposits of uric acid crystals in the joints, especially the base of the big toe.
  • Grand mal seizures - are caused by abnormal electrical activity of the brain.
  • Gynecomastia - is a descriptive term for female breast development in the male.
  • Gallstones - Hard, stone-like masses formed from substances in bile, such as cholesterol or bilirubin, that develop in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
  • Gangrene - Tissue death (necrosis) that occurs due to an interruption in blood supply to a body part.
  • Gastritis - Inflammation or irritation of the stomach lining.
  • Gastroenteritis - An inflammation or irritation of the linings of the stomach and intestines, often caused by infection, eating irritating food and emotional upsets.
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus - A condition in which women develop type 2 diabetes during pregnancy, returning to normal after delivery in most cases.
  • Giardiasis - A parasitic infection from eating contaminated food or unclean water.
  • Gilbert's syndrome - The lack of the liver enzyme that breaks down bilirubin, resulting in a buildup of bilirubin in the blood and jaundice.
  • Granuloma annulare - A symmetrical rash made up of skin-colored bumps.
  • Granuloma, pyogenic - Skin growth that appears as a small red, oozing and bleeding bump that resembles raw hamburger meat.
  • Grief - The emotional response, particularly of sorrow, over a great loss, such as the death of a loved one.
  • Guillain-barre syndrome - A disorder where nerve damage inhibits muscle movement and may cause temporary paralysis.

Drugs

F

  • Finasteride - is used in the treatment of androgenetic alopecia, which is also known as pattern baldness.
  • Fluconazole - used for the treatment of many fungal infections, especially candidiasis, athlete's foot, and cryptococcal meningitis.
  • Furosemide - a loop diuretic used for the treatment of oedema associated with heart failure, liver disease with ascites, or kidney disease.

G

  • Gabapentin - used as an adjunct in the treatment of partial epilepsy.
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