Loss of blood from bleeding hemorrhoids or gastrointes-
Excess cooking of food, which destroys available iron
and other nutrients.
Even if iron and folic-acid intake are sufficient, a pregnant
woman may become anemic because pregnancy
alters the digestive process. The unborn child consumes
some of the iron or folic acid normally available to the
Risk increases with
Poor nutrition, especially multiple vitamin deficiencies.
Smoking, which reduces absorption of important
Excess alcohol consumption, leading to poor nutrition.
Medical history of any disorder that reduces absorption
Use of anticonvulsant drugs.
Previous use of oral contraceptives.
Eat foods rich in iron, such as liver, beef, whole-grain
breads and cereals, eggs and dried fruit.
Eat foods high in folic acid, such as wheat germ,
beans, peanut butter, oatmeal, mushrooms, collards,
broccoli, beef liver and asparagus.
Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and
fresh, raw vegetables. Vitamin C makes iron absorption
Take prenatal vitamin and mineral supplements, if
they are prescribed.
Usually curable with iron and folic-acid supplements by
mouth or by injection.
Dangerous anemia from normal blood loss during
labor, requiring blood transfusions.
Increased susceptibility to infection after childbirth
Anemia during pregnancy treatment
If the tongue is red and sore, rinse with warm salt
water 3 or 4 times a day. Use 1 teaspoon salt to 8 oz.
Brush teeth with a soft toothbrush.
Iron, folic acid and other supplements may be prescribed. For better absorption, take iron supplements 1 hour before eating or between meals. Iron will turn bowel movements black and often causes constipation.
No restrictions. Rest, if fatigued, until anemia disappears.
Eat well and take prescribed supplements. Increase fiber and fluid intake to prevent constipation.