In most cases, symptoms wear off within hours or days without treatment.
Individuals are advised to keep soapy and dirty water out of the ear. If symptoms persist, oral or topical decongestants are given.
If an infection develops or there is drainage from the ear, antibiotic eardrops may be necessary.
When a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) does not heal within three months, a paper patch may be used to cover the hole.
If the patch fails, the membrane may need to be surgically repaired (tympanoplasty).